Annotated Bibliography

Rosati, Connie S. Self-Interest And Self-Sacrifice.” Proceedings Of The Aristotelian Society (Paperback) 109.1 (2009): 311-325. Academic Search Complete.

This article explores the nature of self-sacrifice and its characteristics. Rosati uses a piece of work by Mark Overvold, Welfare and Rational Care, to explain her views on how self-interest and self-sacrifice coincide and interrelated with one another, rather than opposing one another. She explores the text Overvold’s story to explain that “our central commitments—whether our intimate loves or loved activities and pursuits—determine…who and what will come first and last” (318), she is implying that it is the things that we desire that make us who we are, thus is the root of self-sacrifice. She goes on to say that a true act of sacrifice is driven by more than just personal benefit, “it must involve the sacrifice of some part of one’s good that is at the same time a sacrifice of self” (319). In order for an act of sacrifice to be more than just a vain selfish act of self-interest, it must be a sacrifice of a pure and good part of that person. This article will be useful to my paper because she is providing a reason for why the nightingale gave up her life for the Student.  “The structure of self-sacrificing acts typically involves either the sacrifice of life or limb” (324), which is the case for the little bird. This article provides a substantial reason as to why the bird sacrificed her own life for someone else, who was in love with someone else, and defends my view on the meaning of the text: although love can be a very selfish and draining thing, it can be beautiful even in death.


Shippey, Thomas Alan. “Listening to The Nightingale.” Comparative Literature 22.1 (1970): 46-60. JSTOR. Web. 22 Nov. 2011.

This article explores the uses of the specific songbird, the nightingale, in literature. Shippey explores the role of the nightingale in several different stories, fables, etc. One example of the nightingale in text that is used in this article is Natural History by Pliny. “its song is pitiful because it is pouring out its heart, singing itself to death in ecstasy” (49), here the nightingale is portrayed in this story, like in many others, as an innocent creature. This symbolism of the nightingale is almost always synonymous with love and sacrifice. Shippey states that “In some such roundabout way the nightingale is linked inextricably with the theme of love from the twelfth century on” (49), which is the central point to my view on the text. This article is useful to my analysis because it shows that the nightingale is the embodiment, not only in Oscar Wilde’s work but in other works, of the thesis and theme of the short story.

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